The plantar fascia is a ligament which stretches from the heel to the base of the toes. When the ligament is stretched too far, it may become inflamed and cause heel pain. This condition is called Plantar Fasciitis. Patients experience discomfort in the heel and arch of the foot usually worst when getting up after sitting or lying down.
Rough calcium growths known as “bone spurs” are a common complication of plantar fasciitis. Forming on the bottom of the heel they pull on the heel bone and while they do not usually cause pain alone, they are a good indicator of the severity of the condition.
Remaining on the feet for many hours, having naturally tight calf muscles, wearing high heels, having flat feet or very high arches all add to the risk of developing Plantar Fasciitis.